Urological Surgery: Exploring Common Procedures and Treatments

Urology is a field of medicine that focuses on conditions present in the urinary tract and reproductive organs and the procedures that are performed in these areas. The kidneys, ureters and urethra, the bladder and the male reproductive organs all fall under this designation. The urinary tract and reproductive system are closely connected and when something goes wrong with one, the other is often also affected. Urological surgery can be effective in treating various ailments such as bladder and prostate cancer or kidney stones, with some non-surgical methods also being able to address less serious ailments such as infections in the urinary tract.

Let’s have a look at some of the most common urological procedures:

Circumcision in Men

Circumcision is a surgical procedure that involves the removal of the foreskin, which is a retractable fold of skin that covers the end of the penis. Circumcision is common among certain communities, such as Muslim and Jewish communities, where the procedure is usually performed on young children for religious reasons. This practice is also present in many African communities, where it is largely performed for cultural reasons. Circumcision is also effective at treating a condition known as phimosis, where the patient’s foreskin is too tight and unable to retract properly.


During a cystoscopy, a surgical scope, effectively a small camera at the end of a thin tube, is used to inspect the inside of the bladder and urethra for any defects. A urologist will perform a cystoscopy to identify and possibly treat urinary tract problems. The procedure is able to address a variety of issues such as bladder cancer, enlarged prostates and urinary tract infections. Patients that are experiencing pain when urinating and those that have blood in the urine can also benefit from this procedure. A diagnostic cystoscopy can be performed in less than ten minutes but will inevitably take longer if the doctor is looking to perform a biopsy or treatment.


A vasectomy is a urological surgery that prevents sperm from being released during ejaculation and is essentially a form of birth control for men. During the procedure, a surgeon blocks off the vas deferens, a tube that transports sperm from the testicles to the urethra. A vasectomy is one of the most effective forms of birth control and although it is possible to reverse the procedure at a later stage the reversal is not always successful. This is why it is important for Patients that are considering a vasectomy to be well-informed about the procedure, as there is a chance that the effects could be permanent.

Make sure that you discuss all of your expectations and fears with a medical professional if you are considering urological surgery. Our team of experts at Centurion Day Hospital have a wealth of experience and has helped patients from all walks of life! Contact us today to book a consultation at our facility and speak to one of our dedicated staff members to find out what procedure would best meet your needs.